Encompasses services for engineering management, program management, management support, administration, and other services, professional services, and education and training. It also includes RDT&E management and support.
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Administrative & Other Services


R602 SUPPORT- ADMINISTRATIVE: COURIER/MESSENGER

OBJECT CLASS CODE
23.3 - Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges

SUGGESTED NAICS

491110 - Postal Service

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing mail services under a universal service obligation. Mail services include the carriage of letters, printed matter, or mailable packages, including acceptance, collection, processing, and delivery. Due to the infrastructure requirements of providing mail service under a universal service obligation, postal service establishments often provide parcel and express delivery services in addition to the mail service. Establishments primarily engaged in performing one or more parts of the basic mail service, such as sorting, routing and/or delivery (except bulk transportation of mail) are included in this industry.

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Providing bulk transportation of mail on a contract basis to and from postal service establishments--are classified in Industry Group 4841, General Freight Trucking;
  • Providing services outside of the basic mail service, such as mail presort, mail consolidation, or address bar coding services, on a contract or fee basis--are classified in U.S. Industry 561499, All Other Business Support Services;
  • Providing courier services--are classified in Industry 492110, Couriers and Express Delivery Services;
  • Providing mailbox services along with other business services--are classified in U.S. Industry 561431, Private Mail Centers; and
  • Providing local messenger and delivery services--are classified in Industry 492210, Local Messengers and Local Delivery.
492110 - Couriers

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing air, surface, or combined mode courier and express delivery services of parcels, but not operating under a universal service obligation. These parcels can include goods and documents, but the express delivery services are not part of the normal mail service. These services are generally between metropolitan areas, urban centers, or international, but the establishments of this industry form a network that includes local pick-up and delivery to serve their customers' needs.

Illustrative Examples:

  • Air courier services, except establishments operating under a universal service obligation
  • Express delivery services, except establishments operating under a universal service obligation
  • Courier services (i.e., intercity network), except establishments operating under a universal service obligation

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Providing parcel and express delivery services in addition to mail services under a universal service obligation--are classified in Industry 491110, Postal Service;
  • Providing messenger and delivery services within a metropolitan area or within an urban center--are classified in Industry 492210, Local Messengers and Local Delivery; and
  • Providing the truck transportation of palletized general freight--are classified in Industry Group 4841, General Freight Trucking.
4922,Local Messengers and Local Delivery, 49221,Local Messengers and Local Delivery,

See industry description for 492210 below.

"
492210 - Local Messengers and Local Delivery

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing local messenger and delivery services of small items within a single metropolitan area or within an urban center. These establishments generally provide point-to-point pickup and delivery and do not operate as part of an intercity courier network

Illustrative Examples:

  • Alcoholic beverages delivery services
  • Letters, documents, or small parcels local delivery services
  • Grocery delivery services (i.e., independent service from grocery store)
  • Restaurant meals delivery services (i.e., independent service from restaurant)

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Providing local letter and parcel delivery services as part of an intercity courier network--are classified in Industry 492110, Couriers and Express Delivery Services;
  • Operating the National Postal Service or providing postal services on a contract basis (except the bulk transportation of mail)--are classified in Industry 491110, Postal Service; and
  • Providing the bulk transportation of mail on a contract basis to and from Postal Service establishments--are classified in Industry Group 4841, General Freight Trucking.

R603 SUPPORT- ADMINISTRATIVE: TRANSCRIPTION

OBJECT CLASS CODE
25.2 - Other services from non-Federal sources

SUGGESTED NAICS

NONE - NONE

R604 SUPPORT- ADMINISTRATIVE: MAILING/DISTRIBUTION

OBJECT CLASS CODE
23.3 - Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges

SUGGESTED NAICS

491110 - Postal Service

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing mail services under a universal service obligation. Mail services include the carriage of letters, printed matter, or mailable packages, including acceptance, collection, processing, and delivery. Due to the infrastructure requirements of providing mail service under a universal service obligation, postal service establishments often provide parcel and express delivery services in addition to the mail service. Establishments primarily engaged in performing one or more parts of the basic mail service, such as sorting, routing and/or delivery (except bulk transportation of mail) are included in this industry.

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Providing bulk transportation of mail on a contract basis to and from postal service establishments--are classified in Industry Group 4841, General Freight Trucking;
  • Providing services outside of the basic mail service, such as mail presort, mail consolidation, or address bar coding services, on a contract or fee basis--are classified in U.S. Industry 561499, All Other Business Support Services;
  • Providing courier services--are classified in Industry 492110, Couriers and Express Delivery Services;
  • Providing mailbox services along with other business services--are classified in U.S. Industry 561431, Private Mail Centers; and
  • Providing local messenger and delivery services--are classified in Industry 492210, Local Messengers and Local Delivery.
492110 - Couriers

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing air, surface, or combined mode courier and express delivery services of parcels, but not operating under a universal service obligation. These parcels can include goods and documents, but the express delivery services are not part of the normal mail service. These services are generally between metropolitan areas, urban centers, or international, but the establishments of this industry form a network that includes local pick-up and delivery to serve their customers' needs.

Illustrative Examples:

  • Air courier services, except establishments operating under a universal service obligation
  • Express delivery services, except establishments operating under a universal service obligation
  • Courier services (i.e., intercity network), except establishments operating under a universal service obligation

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Providing parcel and express delivery services in addition to mail services under a universal service obligation--are classified in Industry 491110, Postal Service;
  • Providing messenger and delivery services within a metropolitan area or within an urban center--are classified in Industry 492210, Local Messengers and Local Delivery; and
  • Providing the truck transportation of palletized general freight--are classified in Industry Group 4841, General Freight Trucking.
4922,Local Messengers and Local Delivery, 49221,Local Messengers and Local Delivery,

See industry description for 492210 below.

"
492210 - Local Messengers and Local Delivery

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing local messenger and delivery services of small items within a single metropolitan area or within an urban center. These establishments generally provide point-to-point pickup and delivery and do not operate as part of an intercity courier network

Illustrative Examples:

  • Alcoholic beverages delivery services
  • Letters, documents, or small parcels local delivery services
  • Grocery delivery services (i.e., independent service from grocery store)
  • Restaurant meals delivery services (i.e., independent service from restaurant)

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Providing local letter and parcel delivery services as part of an intercity courier network--are classified in Industry 492110, Couriers and Express Delivery Services;
  • Operating the National Postal Service or providing postal services on a contract basis (except the bulk transportation of mail)--are classified in Industry 491110, Postal Service; and
  • Providing the bulk transportation of mail on a contract basis to and from Postal Service establishments--are classified in Industry Group 4841, General Freight Trucking.
511140 - Directory and Mailing List Publishers

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in publishing directories, mailing lists, and collections or compilations of fact. The products are typically protected in their selection, arrangement and/or presentation. Examples are lists of mailing addresses, telephone directories, directories of businesses, collections or compilations of proprietary drugs or legal case results, compilations of public records, etc. These establishments may publish directories and mailing lists in print or electronic form.

Illustrative Examples:

  • Business directory publishers (except exclusive Internet publishing)
  • Mailing list publishers (except exclusive Internet publishing)
  • Directory publishers (except exclusive Internet publishing)
  • Telephone directory publishers (except exclusive Internet publishing)

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Operating web search portals or developing and publishing, exclusively on the Internet, collections or compilations of creative works or facts--are classified in Industry 519130, Internet Publishing and Broadcasting and Web Search Portals;
  • Compiling mailing lists in conjunction with providing direct mail advertising services--are classified in Industry 541860, Direct Mail Advertising;
  • Printing without publishing directories and mailing lists--are classified in Industry 32311, Printing;
  • Publishing computer software--are classified in Industry 511210, Software Publishers;
  • Creating and publishing encyclopedias and similar collections of creative works in print and/or electronic media--are classified in Industry 511130, Book Publishers; and
  • Creating and publishing collections of creative works that are periodically updated--are classified in Industry 511120, Periodical Publishers.
523130 - Commodity Contracts Dealing

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in acting as principals (i.e., investors who buy or sell for their own account) in buying or selling spot or futures commodity contracts or options, such as precious metals, foreign currency, oil, or agricultural products, generally on a spread basis.

Cross-References.

Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Acting as agents (i.e., brokers) in buying or selling spot or future commodity contracts on a commission or transaction fee basis--are classified in Industry 523140, Commodity Contracts Brokerage; and
  • Buying and selling physical commodities for resale to other than the general public--are classified in Sector 42, Wholesale Trade.
541860 - Direct Mail Advertising

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in (1) creating and designing advertising campaigns for the purpose of distributing advertising materials (e.g., coupons, flyers, samples) or specialties (e.g., key chains, magnets, pens with customized messages imprinted) by mail or other direct distribution; and/or (2) preparing advertising materials or specialties for mailing or other direct distribution. These establishments may also compile, maintain, sell, and rent mailing lists.

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • The direct distribution or delivery (e.g., door-to-door, windshield placement) of advertisements or samples--are classified in Industry 541870, Advertising Material Distribution Services;
  • Distributing advertising specialties for clients who wish to use such materials for promotional purposes--are classified in Industry 541890, Other Services Related to Advertising;
  • Creating advertising campaigns and placing such advertising in media--are classified in Industry 541810, Advertising Agencies;
  • Compiling and selling mailing lists without providing direct mail advertising services--are classified in Industry 511140, Directory and Mailing List Publishers; and
  • Broadcasting exclusively on the Internet--are classified in Industry 519130, Internet Publishing and Broadcasting and Web Search Portals.
541870 - Advertising Material Distribution Services

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the direct distribution or delivery of advertisements (e.g., circulars, coupons, handbills) or samples. Establishments in this industry use methods, such as delivering advertisements or samples door-to-door, placing flyers or coupons on car windshields in parking lots, or handing out samples in retail stores.

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Creating and designing advertising campaigns for the purpose of distributing advertising materials or samples through the mail--are classified in Industry 541860, Direct Mail Advertising;
  • Publishing newspapers or operating television stations or on-line information services--are classified in Sector 51, Information; and
  • Distributing advertising specialties (e.g., key chains, magnets, or pens with customized messages imprinted) to clients who wish to use such materials for promotional purposes--are classified in Industry 541890, Other Services Related to Advertising.
561431 - Private Mail Centers

This U.S. industry comprises (1) establishments primarily engaged in providing mailbox rental and other postal and mailing (except direct mail advertising) services or (2) establishments engaged in providing these mailing services along with one or more other office support services, such as facsimile services, word processing services, on-site PC rental services, and office product sales.

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Operating contract post offices--are classified in Industry 491110, Postal Service;
  • Delivering letters and parcels (except under a universal service obligation)--are classified in Subsector 492, Couriers and Messengers;
  • Providing voice mailbox services--are classified in U.S. Industry 561421, Telephone Answering Services;
  • Providing direct mail advertising services--are classified in Industry 541860, Direct Mail Advertising;
  • Providing only one of the support services (e.g., word processing services) that establishments in this industry provide--are classified in the appropriate industry according to the service provided; and
  • Providing full service office space, whether on a lease or service contract basis--are classified in Industry 531120, Lessors of Nonresidential Buildings (except Miniwarehouses).
561910 - Packaging and Labeling Services

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in packaging client-owned materials. The services may include labeling and/or imprinting the package.

Illustrative Examples:

  • Apparel and textile folding and packaging services
  • Kit assembling and packaging services
  • Blister packaging services
  • Shrink-wrapping services
  • Gift wrapping services

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Processing client-owned materials into a different product, such as mixing water and concentrate to produce soft drinks--are classified in Sector 31-33, Manufacturing;
  • Providing aerosol packaging services--are classified in U.S. Industry 325998, All Other Miscellaneous Chemical Product and Preparation Manufacturing;
  • Providing packing and crating services incidental to transportation--are classified in U.S. Industry 488991, Packing and Crating;
  • Providing warehousing services, as well as packaging or other logistics services--are classified in Industry Group 4931, Warehousing and Storage; and
  • Providing packing and crating services for agricultural products--are classified in U.S. Industry 115114, Postharvest Crop Activities (except Cotton Ginning).

R605 SUPPORT- ADMINISTRATIVE: LIBRARY

OBJECT CLASS CODE
25.1 - Advisory and assistance services

SUGGESTED NAICS

512120 - Motion Picture and Video Distribution

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in acquiring distribution rights and distributing film and video productions to motion picture theaters, television networks and stations, and exhibitors.

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Producing and distributing motion pictures and videos--are classified in Industry 512110, Motion Picture and Video Production;
  • Merchant wholesale distribution of blank video cassette tapes and discs--are classified in Industry 423690, Other Electronic Parts and Equipment Merchant Wholesalers;
  • Merchant wholesale distribution of prerecorded video cassette tapes and discs--are classified in Industry 423990, Other Miscellaneous Durable Goods Merchant Wholesalers;
  • Providing mass duplication and packaging of video tapes--are classified in U.S. Industry 334614, Software and Other Prerecorded Compact Disc, Tape, and Record Reproducing;
  • Providing motion picture footage (via film libraries) to producers--are classified in U.S. Industry 512199, Other Motion Picture and Video Industries;
  • Renting video tapes and discs to the general public--are classified in Industry 532230, Video Tape and Disc Rental; and
  • Selling video cassettes and discs to the general public--are classified in U.S. Industry 443142, Electronics Stores.
519120 - Libraries and Archives

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing library or archive services. These establishments are engaged in maintaining collections of documents (e.g., books, journals, newspapers, and music) and facilitating the use of such documents (recorded information regardless of its physical form and characteristics) as are required to meet the informational, research, educational, or recreational needs of their user. These establishments may also acquire, research, store, preserve, and generally make accessible to the public historical documents, photographs, maps, audio material, audiovisual material, and other archival material of historical interest. All or portions of these collections may be accessible electronically.

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Providing stock footage (via motion picture and video tape libraries) to the media, multimedia, and advertising industries--are classified in U.S. Industry 512199, Other Motion Picture and Video Industries;
  • Providing stock music to the media, multimedia, and advertising industries--are classified in Industry 512290, Other Sound Recording Industries;
  • Providing stock photos to the media, multimedia, and advertising industries--are classified in Industry 519190, All Other Information Services; and
  • Distributing film and video productions to motion picture theaters, television networks and stations, and exhibitors--are classified in Industry 512120, Motion Picture and Video Distribution.

R606 SUPPORT- ADMINISTRATIVE: COURT REPORTING

OBJECT CLASS CODE
25.1 - Advisory and assistance services

SUGGESTED NAICS

561492 - Court Reporting and Stenotype Services

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing verbatim reporting and stenotype recording of live legal proceedings and transcribing subsequent recorded materials.

Illustrative Examples:

  • Court reporting or stenotype recording services
  • Real-time (i.e., simultaneous) closed captioning of live television performances, meetings, conferences
  • Public stenography services

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Providing stenotype recording of correspondence, reports, and other documents or in providing document transcription services--are classified in Industry 561410, Document Preparation Services; and
  • Providing film or tape captioning or subtitling services--are classified in U.S. Industry 512191, Teleproduction and Other Postproduction Services.

R607 SUPPORT- ADMINISTRATIVE: WORD PROCESSING/TYPING

OBJECT CLASS CODE
25.2 - Other services from non-Federal sources

SUGGESTED NAICS

NONE - NONE

R608 SUPPORT- ADMINISTRATIVE: TRANSLATION AND INTERPRETING

OBJECT CLASS CODE
25.1 - Advisory and assistance services

SUGGESTED NAICS

541930 - Translation and Interpretation Services

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in translating written material and interpreting speech from one language to another and establishments primarily engaged in providing sign language services.

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Providing transcription services--are classified in Industry 561410, Document Preparation Services;
  • Providing real-time (i.e., simultaneous) closed captioning services for live television performances, at meetings and conferences--are classified in U.S. Industry 561492, Court Reporting and Stenotype Services;
  • Providing film or tape closed captioning services--are classified in U.S. Industry 512191, Teleproduction and Other Postproduction Services; and
  • Analyzing handwriting--are classified in Industry 541990, All Other Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services.

R609 SUPPORT- ADMINISTRATIVE: STENOGRAPHIC

OBJECT CLASS CODE
25.2 - Other services from non-Federal sources

SUGGESTED NAICS

NONE - NONE

R610 SUPPORT- ADMINISTRATIVE:- PERSONAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT

OBJECT CLASS CODE
25.1 - Advisory and assistance services

SUGGESTED NAICS

237210 - Land Subdivision

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in servicing land and subdividing real property into lots, for subsequent sale to builders. Servicing of land may include excavation work for the installation of roads and utility lines. The extent of work may vary from project to project. Land subdivision precedes building activity and the subsequent building is often residential, but may also be commercial tracts and industrial parks. These establishments may do all the work themselves or subcontract the work to others. Establishments that perform only the legal subdivision of land are not included in this industry.

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Constructing buildings, for sale, on lots they subdivide--are classified based on the type of construction project, in Industry Group 2361, Residential Building Construction, or Industry Group 2362, Nonresidential Building Construction;
  • Installing roads on a subcontract basis for land subdividers--are classified in Industry 237310, Highway, Street, and Bridge Construction;
  • Installing utilities on a subcontract basis for land subdividers--are classified in Industry Group 2371, Utility System Construction;
  • Preparing land owned by others for building construction--are classified in Industry 238910, Site Preparation Contractors;
  • Constructing buildings, for rent or own use, on lots they subdivide--are classified in Industry Group 5311, Lessors of Real Estate; and
  • Legal subdivision of land without land preparation--are classified elsewhere in the classification system based on the primary activity of the establishment.
523991 - Trust, Fiduciary, and Custody Activities

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing trust, fiduciary, and custody services to others, as instructed, on a fee or contract basis, such as bank trust offices and escrow agencies (except real estate).

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Managing the portfolio assets (i.e., funds) of others--are classified in Industry 523920, Portfolio Management;
  • Performing real estate escrow or real estate fiduciary activities--are classified in Industry 531390, Other Activities Related to Real Estate; and
  • Awarding grants from trust funds--are classified in Industry 81321, Grantmaking and Giving Services.
524126 - Direct Property and Casualty Insurance Carriers

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in initially underwriting (i.e., assuming the risk and assigning premiums) insurance policies that protect policyholders against losses that may occur as a result of property damage or liability.

Illustrative Examples:

  • Automobile insurance carriers, direct
  • Malpractice insurance carriers, direct
  • Fidelity insurance carriers, direct
  • Mortgage guaranty insurance carriers, direct
  • Homeowners insurance carriers, direct
  • Surety insurance carriers, direct
  • Liability insurance carriers, direct

Cross-References.

Establishments primarily engaged in reinsuring property and casualty insurance policies are classified in Industry 524130, Reinsurance Carriers.

524127 - Direct Title Insurance Carriers

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in initially underwriting (i.e., assuming the risk and assigning premiums) insurance policies to protect the owners of real estate or real estate creditors against loss sustained by reason of any title defect to real property.

Cross-References.

Establishments primarily engaged in reinsuring title insurance policies are classified in Industry 524130, Reinsurance Carriers.

524128 - Other Direct Insurance (except Life, Health, and Medical) Carriers

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in initially underwriting (e.g., assuming the risk, assigning premiums) insurance policies (except life, disability income, accidental death and dismemberment, health and medical, property and casualty, and title insurance policies).

Illustrative Examples:

  • Bank deposit insurance carriers, direct
  • Product warranty insurance carriers, direct
  • Deposit or share insurance carriers, direct
  • Warranty insurance carriers (e.g., appliance, automobile, homeowners, product), direct

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Reinsuring insurance policies--are classified in Industry 524130, Reinsurance Carriers;
  • Initially underwriting annuities and life insurance policies, disability income insurance policies, and accidental death and dismemberment insurance policies--are classified in U.S. Industry 524113, Direct Life Insurance Carriers;
  • Initially underwriting health and medical insurance policies--are classified in U.S. Industry 524114, Direct Health and Medical Insurance Carriers;
  • Initially underwriting property and casualty insurance policies--are classified in U.S. Industry 524126, Direct Property and Casualty Insurance Carriers; and
  • Initially underwriting title insurance policies--are classified in U.S. Industry 524127, Direct Title Insurance Carriers.
524130 - Reinsurance Carriers

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in assuming all or part of the risk associated with existing insurance policies originally underwritten by other insurance carriers.

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Initially underwriting annuities and life insurance policies, disability income insurance policies, accidental death and dismemberment insurance policies, and health and medical insurance policies--are classified in Industry 52411, Direct Life, Health, and Medical Insurance Carriers; and
  • Initially underwriting various types of insurance policies (except life, disability income, accidental death and dismemberment, and health and medical insurance policies)--are classified in Industry 52412, Direct Insurance (except Life, Health, and Medical) Carriers.
525190 - Other Insurance Funds

This industry comprises legal entities (i.e., funds (except pension, and health- and welfare-related employee benefit funds)) organized to provide insurance exclusively for the sponsor, firm, or its employees or members. Self-insurance funds (except employee benefit funds) and workers' compensation insurance funds are included in this industry.

Cross-References.

  • Legal entities (i.e., funds, plans, and/or programs) organized to provide retirement income benefits exclusively for the sponsor's employees or members are classified in Industry 525110, Pension Funds;
  • Legal entities (i.e., funds, plans, and/or programs) organized to provide health- and welfare-related employee benefits exclusively for the sponsor's employees or members are classified in Industry 525120, Health and Welfare Funds;
  • Establishments primarily engaged in managing portfolios of insurance funds are classified in Industry 523920, Portfolio Management;
  • Establishments primarily engaged in third party claims administration of insurance, and other employee benefit funds are classified in U.S. Industry 524292, Third Party Administration of Insurance and Pension Funds; and
  • Establishments primarily engaged in providing insurance on a fee or contract basis are classified in Industry Group 5241, Insurance Carriers.
525930 - Real Estate Investment Trusts

No extended description available.

531110 - Lessors of Residential Buildings and Dwellings

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in acting as lessors of buildings used as residences or dwellings, such as single-family homes, apartment buildings, and town homes. Included in this industry are owner-lessors and establishments renting real estate and then acting as lessors in subleasing it to others. The establishments in this industry may manage the property themselves or have another establishment manage it for them.

Cross-References.

Establishments primarily engaged in managing residential real estate for others are classified in U.S. Industry 531311, Residential Property Managers.

531120 - Lessors of Nonresidential Buildings (except Miniwarehouses)

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in acting as lessors of buildings (except miniwarehouses and self-storage units) that are not used as residences or dwellings. Included in this industry are: (1) owner-lessors of nonresidential buildings; (2) establishments renting real estate and then acting as lessors in subleasing it to others; and (3) establishments providing full service office space, whether on a lease or service contract basis. The establishments in this industry may manage the property themselves or have another establishment manage it for them.

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Acting as lessors of buildings used as residences or dwellings--are classified in Industry 531110, Lessors of Residential Buildings and Dwellings;
  • Renting or leasing space for self-storage--are classified in Industry 531130, Lessors of Miniwarehouses and Self-Storage Units;
  • Managing nonresidential real estate for others--are classified in U.S. Industry 531312, Nonresidential Property Managers;
  • Providing a range of office support services, such as mailbox rental, other postal and mailing (except direct mail advertising) services, document copying services, facsimile services, word processing services or on-site personal computer rental, that are not providing office space--are classified in Industry 56143, Business Service Centers;
  • Managing and operating arenas, stadiums, theaters, or other related facilities and promoting and organizing performing arts productions, sports events, and similar events at those facilities--are classified in Industry 711310, Promoters of Performing Arts, Sports, and Similar Events with Facilities; and
  • Operating public and contract general merchandise warehousing and storage facilities--are classified in Industry 493110, General Warehousing and Storage.
531130 - Lessors of Miniwarehouses and Self-Storage Units

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting or leasing space for self-storage. These establishments provide secure space (i.e., rooms, compartments, lockers, containers, or outdoor space) where clients can store and retrieve their goods.

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Operating public and contract general merchandise warehousing and storage facilities--are classified in Industry 493110, General Warehousing and Storage; and
  • Operating coin-operated lockers--are classified in Industry 812990, All Other Personal Services.
531190 - Lessors of Other Real Estate Property

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in acting as lessors of real estate (except buildings), such as manufactured home (i.e., mobile home) sites, vacant lots, and grazing land.

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Acting as lessors of buildings used as residences or dwellings including manufactured (mobile) homes on-site--are classified in Industry 531110, Lessors of Residential Buildings and Dwellings;
  • Acting as lessors of buildings (except miniwarehouses and self-storage units) that are not used as residences or dwellings--are classified in Industry 531120, Lessors of Nonresidential Buildings (except Miniwarehouses); and
  • Renting or leasing space for self-storage--are classified in Industry 531130, Lessors of Miniwarehouses and Self-Storage Units.
531210 - Offices of Real Estate Agents and Brokers

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in acting as agents and/or brokers in one or more of the following: (1) selling real estate for others; (2) buying real estate for others; and (3) renting real estate for others.

531311 - Residential Property Managers

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in managing residential real estate for others.

Cross-References.

  • Establishments primarily engaged in managing nonresidential real estate for others are classified in U.S. Industry 531312, Nonresidential Property Managers;
  • Establishments primarily engaged in acting as lessors of buildings used as residences or dwellings are classified in Industry 531110, Lessors of Residential Buildings and Dwellings; and
  • Establishments formed on behalf of individual residential condominium owners or homeowners are classified in Industry 813990, Other Similar Organizations (except Business, Professional, Labor, and Political Organizations).
531312 - Nonresidential Property Managers

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in managing nonresidential real estate for others.

Cross-References.

  • Establishments primarily engaged in managing residential real estate for others are classified in U.S. Industry 531311, Residential Property Managers;
  • Establishments primarily engaged in acting as lessors of buildings (except miniwarehouses and self storage units) that are not used as residences or dwellings are classified in Industry 531120, Lessors of Nonresidential Buildings (except Miniwarehouses);
  • Establishments primarily engaged in renting or leasing space for self-storage are classified in Industry 531130, Lessors of Miniwarehouses and Self-Storage Units; and
  • Establishments formed on behalf of individual nonresidential condominium owners are classified in Industry 813990, Other Similar Organizations (except Business, Professional, Labor, and Political Organizations).
531390 - Other Activities Related to Real Estate

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in performing real estate related services (except lessors of real estate, offices of real estate agents and brokers, real estate property managers, and offices of real estate appraisers).

Illustrative Examples:

  • Real estate escrow agencies
  • Real estate listing services
  • Real estate fiduciaries' offices

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Acting as lessors of real estate--are classified in Industry Group 5311, Lessors of Real Estate;
  • Selling, buying, and/or renting real estate for others--are classified in Industry 531210, Offices of Real Estate Agents and Brokers;
  • Managing real estate for others--are classified in Industry 53131, Real Estate Property Managers;
  • Estimating fair market value of real estate--are classified in Industry 531320, Offices of Real Estate Appraisers; and
  • Researching public land records for ownership of titles and/or conveying real estate titles--are classified in U.S. Industry 541191, Title Abstract and Settlement Offices.
813990 - Other Similar Organizations (except Business, Professional, Labor, and Political Organizations)

This industry comprises establishments (except religious organizations, social advocacy organizations, civic and social organizations, business associations, professional organizations, labor unions, and political organizations) primarily engaged in promoting the interests of their members.

Illustrative Examples:

  • Athletic associations, regulatory or administrative
  • Property owners' associations
  • Condominium and homeowners' associations
  • Tenant associations (except advocacy)
  • Cooperative owners' associations

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Operating religious organizations, such as churches, religious temples, and monasteries--are classified in Industry 813110, Religious Organizations;
  • Raising funds for a wide range of social welfare activities and establishments known as grantmaking foundations or charitable trusts--are classified in Industry 81321, Grantmaking and Giving Services;
  • Advocating social causes or issues--are classified in Industry 81331, Social Advocacy Organizations;
  • Promoting the civic and social interests of their members--are classified in Industry 813410, Civic and Social Organizations;
  • Promoting the business interests of their members--are classified in Industry 813910, Business Associations;
  • Promoting the professional interests of their members and the profession as a whole--are classified in Industry 813920, Professional Organizations;
  • Promoting the interests of organized labor and union employees--are classified in Industry 813930, Labor Unions and Similar Labor Organizations;
  • Promoting the interests of national, state, or local political parties or candidates--are classified in Industry 813940, Political Organizations; and
  • Providing recreational and amusement services, such as recreational or youth sports league teams--are classified in Industry 713990, All Other Amusement and Recreation Industries.

R611 SUPPORT- ADMINISTRATIVE: CREDIT REPORTING

OBJECT CLASS CODE
25.1 - Advisory and assistance services

SUGGESTED NAICS

522210 - Credit Card Issuing

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing credit by issuing credit cards. Credit card issuance provides the funds required to purchase goods and services in return for payment of the full balance or payments on an installment basis. Credit card banks are included in this industry.

Cross-References.

Establishments primarily engaged in issuing cards that contain a stored prepaid value are classified with the industry providing the service represented by the cards, such as transit fare cards, in Subsector 482, Rail Transportation, and long-distance telephone cards in Subsector 517, Telecommunications.

522320 - Financial Transactions Processing, Reserve, and Clearinghouse Activities

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing one or more of the following: (1) financial transaction processing (except central bank); (2) reserve and liquidity services (except central bank); and/or (3) check or other financial instrument clearinghouse services (except central bank).

Illustrative Examples:

  • Automated clearinghouses, bank or check (except central bank)
  • Credit card processing services
  • Check clearing services (except central bank)
  • Electronic funds transfer services

Cross-References.

  • Establishments primarily engaged in nonfinancial data and electronic transaction processing are classified in Industry 518210, Data Processing, Hosting, and Related Services; and
  • Establishments of the central bank primarily engaged in check clearing and other financial transaction processing are classified in Industry 521110, Monetary Authorities-Central Bank.
541990 - All Other Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the provision of professional, scientific, or technical services (except legal services; accounting, tax preparation, bookkeeping, and related services; architectural, engineering, and related services; specialized design services; computer systems design and related services; management, scientific, and technical consulting services; scientific research and development services; advertising, public relations and related services; market research and public opinion polling; photographic services; translation and interpretation services; and veterinary services).

Illustrative Examples:

  • Appraisal (except real estate) services
  • Marine surveyor (i.e., appraiser) services
  • Arbitration and conciliation services (except by lawyer, attorney, or paralegal offices)
  • Patent broker services (i.e., patent marketing services)
  • Commodity inspector services
  • Pipeline or power line inspection (i.e., visual) services
  • Consumer credit counseling services
  • Weather forecasting services
  • Handwriting analysis services
  • Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

    • Providing legal services--are classified in Industry Group 5411, Legal Services;
    • Providing accounting, tax preparation, bookkeeping, and payroll services--are classified in Industry Group 5412, Accounting, Tax Preparation, Bookkeeping, and Payroll Services;
    • Providing architectural, engineering, and related services--are classified in Industry Group 5413, Architectural, Engineering, and Related Services;
    • Providing specialized design services--are classified in Industry Group 5414, Specialized Design Services;
    • Providing computer systems design and related services--are classified in Industry Group 5415, Computer Systems Design and Related Services;
    • Providing management, scientific, and technical consulting services--are classified in Industry Group 5416, Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services;
    • Providing scientific research and development services--are classified in Industry Group 5417, Scientific Research and Development Services;
    • Providing advertising and related services--are classified in Industry Group 5418, Advertising, Public Relations, and Related Services;
    • Providing marketing research and public opinion polling--are classified in Industry 541910, Marketing Research and Public Opinion Polling;
    • Providing photographic services--are classified in Industry 54192, Photographic Services;
    • Providing translation and interpretation services--are classified in Industry 541930, Translation and Interpretation Services;
    • Providing veterinary services--are classified in Industry 541940, Veterinary Services; and
    • Providing real estate appraisal services--are classified in Industry 531320, Offices of Real Estate Appraisers.
561450 - Credit Bureaus

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in compiling information, such as credit and employment histories on individuals and credit histories on businesses, and providing the information to financial institutions, retailers, and others who have a need to evaluate the creditworthiness of these persons and businesses.

Illustrative Examples:

  • Credit agencies
  • Credit rating services
  • Credit investigation services
  • Credit reporting bureaus

    R612 SUPPORT- ADMINISTRATIVE: INFORMATION RETRIEVAL

    OBJECT CLASS CODE
    25.1 - Advisory and assistance services

    SUGGESTED NAICS

    519190 - All Other Information Services

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing other information services (except news syndicates, libraries, archives, Internet publishing and broadcasting, and Web search portals).

    Illustrative Examples:

    • News clipping services
    • Telephone-based information services
    • Stock photo agencies

    Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

    • Providing wired broadband Internet access services using own operated telecommunications infrastructure--are classified in Industry 517110, Wired Telecommunications Carriers;
    • Providing Internet access via client-supplied telecommunications connections--are classified in U.S. Industry 517919, All Other Telecommunications;
    • Publishing (except exclusively on the Internet)--are classified in Subsector 511, Publishing Industries (except Internet);
    • Publishing or broadcasting exclusively on the Internet--are classified in Industry 519130, Internet Publishing and Broadcasting and Web Search Portals;
    • Operating Web search portals--are classified in Industry 519130, Internet Publishing and Broadcasting and Web Search Portals;
    • Operating news syndicates--are classified in Industry 519110, News Syndicates; and
    • Operating libraries and archives--are classified in Industry 519120, Libraries and Archives.

    R613 SUPPORT- ADMINISTRATIVE: POST OFFICE

    OBJECT CLASS CODE
    23.3 - Communications, utilities, and miscellaneous charges

    SUGGESTED NAICS

    NONE - NONE

    R614 SUPPORT- ADMINISTRATIVE: PAPER SHREDDING

    OBJECT CLASS CODE
    25.2 - Other services from non-Federal sources

    SUGGESTED NAICS

    NONE - NONE

    R615 SUPPORT- ADMINISTRATIVE: BACKGROUND INVESTIGATION

    OBJECT CLASS CODE
    25.1 - Advisory and assistance services

    SUGGESTED NAICS

    NONE - NONE

    R699 SUPPORT- ADMINISTRATIVE: OTHER

    OBJECT CLASS CODE
    25.2 - Other services from non-Federal sources

    SUGGESTED NAICS

    541611 - Administrative Management and General Management Consulting Services

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing operating advice and assistance to businesses and other organizations on administrative management issues, such as financial planning and budgeting, equity and asset management, records management, office planning, strategic and organizational planning, site selection, new business startup, and business process improvement. This industry also includes establishments of general management consultants that provide a full range of administrative; human resource; marketing; process, physical distribution, and logistics; or other management consulting services to clients.

    Illustrative Examples:

    • Administrative management consulting services
    • Site selection consulting services
    • Financial management (except investment advice) consulting services
    • Strategic planning consulting services
    • General management consulting services

    Cross-References.

    • Establishments primarily engaged in providing a range of day-to-day office administrative services, such as financial planning, billing and recordkeeping, personnel, and physical distribution and logistics, are classified in Industry 561110, Office Administrative Services;
    • Establishments providing operations consulting services are classified in U.S. Industry 541614, Process, Physical Distribution, and Logistics Consulting Services;
    • Establishments primarily engaged in administering, overseeing, and managing other establishments of the company or enterprise (except government establishments) are classified in U.S. Industry 551114, Corporate, Subsidiary, and Regional Managing Offices;
    • Government establishments primarily engaged in administering, overseeing, and managing governmental programs are classified in Sector 92, Public Administration; and
    • Establishments primarily engaged in providing investment advice are classified in Industry 523930, Investment Advice.
    541612 - Human Resources and Executive Search Consulting Services

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing advice and assistance to businesses and other organizations in one or more of the following areas: (1) human resource and personnel policies, practices, and procedures; (2) employee benefits planning, communication, and administration; (3) compensation systems planning; and (4) wage and salary administration.

    Illustrative Examples:

    • Benefit or compensation consulting services
    • Employee assessment consulting services
    • Personnel management consulting services
    • Human resources consulting services

    Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

    • Providing professional and management development training--are classified in Industry 611430, Professional and Management Development Training;
    • Listing employment vacancies and in selecting, referring, and placing applicants in employment--are classified in U.S. Industry 561311, Employment Placement Agencies; and
    • Providing executive search, recruitment, and placement services--are classified in U.S. Industry 561312, Executive Search Services.
    561311 - Employment Placement Agencies

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in listing employment vacancies and in referring or placing applicants for employment. The individuals referred or placed are not employees of the employment agencies.

    Illustrative Examples:

    • Babysitting bureaus (i.e., registries)
    • Employment registries
    • Casting agencies or bureaus (i.e., motion picture, theatrical, video)
    • Model registries
    • Employment agencies

    Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

    • Providing executive search, recruitment, and placement services--are classified in U.S. Industry 561312, Executive Search Services;
    • Supplying their own employees for limited periods of time to supplement the working force of a client's business--are classified in Industry 561320, Temporary Help Services;
    • Providing human resources and human resource management services to clients--are classified in Industry 561330, Professional Employer Organizations; and
    • Representing models, entertainers, athletes, and other public figures as their agent or manager--are classified in Industry 711410, Agents and Managers for Artists, Athletes, Entertainers, and Other Public Figures.
    561312 - Executive Search Services

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing executive search, recruitment, and placement services for clients with specific executive and senior management position requirements. The range of services provided by these establishments may include developing a search strategy and position specification based on the culture and needs of the client; researching, identifying, screening, and interviewing candidates; verifying candidate qualifications; and assisting in final offer negotiations and assimilation of the selected candidate. The individuals identified, recruited, or placed are not employees of the executive search services establishments.

    Illustrative Examples:

    • Senior executive search services
    • Executive placement services
    • Executive search services

    Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

    • Listing employment vacancies and in referring or placing applicants for employment--are classified in U.S. Industry 561311, Employment Placement Agencies;
    • Supplying their own employees for limited periods of time to supplement the working force of a client's business--are classified in Industry 561320, Temporary Help Services;
    • Providing human resources and human resource management services to clients--are classified in Industry 561330, Professional Employer Organizations;
    • Providing advice and assistance on human resource and personnel policies, practices, and procedures; and employee benefits and compensation systems--are classified in U.S. Industry 541612, Human Resources Consulting Services; and
    • Representing models, entertainers, athletes, and other public figures as their agent or manager--are classified in Industry 711410, Agents and Managers for Artists, Athletes, Entertainers, and Other Public Figures.
    561410 - Document Preparation Services

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in one or more of the following: (1) letter or resume writing; (2) document editing or proofreading; (3) typing, word processing, or desktop publishing; and (4) stenography (except court reporting or stenotype recording), transcription, and other secretarial services.

    Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

    • Providing verbatim reporting and stenotype recording of live legal proceedings and transcribing subsequent recorded materials--are classified in U.S. Industry 561492, Court Reporting and Stenotype Services;
    • Performing prepress and postpress services in support of printing activities--are classified in Industry 323120, Support Activities for Printing;
    • Providing document translation services--are classified in Industry 541930, Translation and Interpretation Services;
    • Photocopying, duplicating, and other document copying services, with or without a range of other office support services (except printing)--are classified in U.S. Industry 561439, Other Business Service Centers (including Copy Shops); and
    • Providing document copying services in combination with printing services, with or without a range of other office support services, and establishments known as quick or digital printers--are classified in U.S. Industry 323111, Commercial Printing (except Screen and Books).
    561499 - All Other Business Support Services

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing business support services (except secretarial and other document preparation services; telephone answering and telemarketing services; private mail services or document copying services conducted as separate activities or in conjunction with other office support services; monetary debt collection services; credit reporting services; repossession services; and court reporting and stenotype recording services).

    Illustrative Examples:

    • Address bar coding services
    • Fundraising organization services on a contract or fee basis
    • Bar code imprinting services
    • Mail presorting services

    Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

    • Providing secretarial and other document preparation services--are classified in Industry 561410, Document Preparation Services;
    • Providing telephone answering or telemarketing services--are classified in Industry 56142, Telephone Call Centers;
    • Providing private mail services, document copying services without printing services and/or a range of office support services--are classified in Industry 56143, Business Service Centers;
    • Providing document copying services in combination with printing services (with or without one or more other office support services) and establishments known as quick or digital printers--are classified in U.S. Industry 323111, Commercial Printing (except Screen and Books);
    • Providing monetary debt collection services--are classified in Industry 561440, Collection Agencies;
    • Providing credit reporting services--are classified in Industry 561450, Credit Bureaus;
    • Providing repossession services--are classified in U.S. Industry 561491, Repossession Services; and
    • Providing court reporting and stenotype services--are classified in U.S. Industry 561492, Court Reporting and Stenotype Services.
    561990 - All Other Support Services

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing day-to-day business and other organizational support services (except office administrative services, facilities support services, employment services, business support services, travel arrangement and reservation services, security and investigation services, services to buildings and other structures, packaging and labeling services, and convention and trade show organizing services).

    Illustrative Examples:

    • Bartering services
    • Flagging (i.e., traffic control) services
    • Bottle exchanges
    • Float decorating services
    • Cloth cutting, bolting, or winding for the trade
    • Inventory taking services
    • Contract meter reading services
    • Lumber grading services
    • Diving services on a contract or fee basis

    Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

    • Providing office administrative services--are classified in Industry 561110, Office Administrative Services;
    • Providing facilities support services--are classified in Industry 561210, Facilities Support Services;
    • Providing employment services--are classified in Industry Group 5613, Employment Services;
    • Providing business support services--are classified in Industry Group 5614, Business Support Services;
    • Providing travel arrangement and reservation services--are classified in Industry Group 5615, Travel Arrangement and Reservation Services;
    • Providing security and investigation services--are classified in Industry Group 5616, Investigation and Security Services;
    • Providing services to buildings and other structures--are classified in Industry Group 5617, Services to Buildings and Dwellings;
    • Providing packaging and labeling services--are classified in Industry 561910, Packaging and Labeling Services; and
    • Organizing, promoting, and/or managing conferences, conventions, and trade shows (whether or not they manage and provide the staff to operate the facilities in which these events take place)--are classified in Industry 561920, Convention and Trade Show Organizers.
    926120 - Regulation and Administration of Transportation Programs

    This industry comprises government establishments primarily engaged in the administration, regulation, licensing, planning, inspection, and investigation of transportation services and facilities. Included in this industry are government establishments responsible for motor vehicle and operator licensing, the Coast Guard (except the Coast Guard Academy), and parking authorities.

    Cross-References.Government establishments primarily engaged in--

    • Operating airports, railroads, depots, ports, toll roads and bridges, and other transportation facilities--are classified in Sector 48-49, Transportation and Warehousing;
    • Operating parking lots and parking garages--are classified in Industry 812930, Parking Lots and Garages;
    • Operating automobile safety inspection and emission testing facilities--are classified in Industry Group 8111, Automotive Repair and Maintenance;
    • Building and/or maintaining roads and highways--are classified in Industry 237310, Highway, Street, and Bridge Construction;
    • Providing air traffic control services--are classified in U.S. Industry 488111, Air Traffic Control; and
    • Operating weigh stations--are classified in Industry 488490, Other Support Activities for Road Transportation.

    T001 PHOTO/MAP/PRINT/PUBLICATION- ARTS/GRAPHICS

    OBJECT CLASS CODE
    24.0 - Printing and reproduction

    SUGGESTED NAICS

    238320 - Paint and Wall Covering Contractors

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in interior or exterior painting or interior wall covering. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.

    Illustrative Examples:

    • Bridge painting
    • Paperhanging or removal contractors
    • House painting
    • Ship painting contractors
    • Paint and wallpaper stripping
    • Wallpaper hanging and removal contractors

    Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

    • Painting lines on highways, streets, and parking lots--are classified in Industry 237310, Highway, Street, and Bridge Construction;
    • Roof painting--are classified in Industry 238160, Roofing Contractors; and
    • Installing wood paneling--are classified in Industry 238350, Finish Carpentry Contractors.
    313220 - Narrow Fabric Mills and Schiffli Machine Embroidery

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in one or more of the following: (1) weaving or braiding narrow fabrics in their final form or initially made in wider widths that are specially constructed for narrower widths; (2) making fabric-covered elastic yarn and thread; and (3) manufacturing Schiffli machine embroideries. Establishments in this industry may weave only; weave and finish; or weave, finish, and further fabricate fabric products.

    314999 - All Other Miscellaneous Textile Product Mills

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing textile products (except carpets and rugs; curtains and linens; textile bags and canvas products; rope, cordage, and twine; and tire cords and tire fabrics) from purchased materials. These establishments may further embellish the textile products they manufacture with decorative stitching. Establishments primarily engaged in adding decorative stitching such as embroidery or other art needlework on textile products, including apparel, on a contract or fee basis for the trade, are included in this industry.

    Illustrative Examples:

    • Batts and batting (except nonwoven fabrics) manufacturing
    • Embroidering on textile products or apparel for the trade
    • Fishing nets made from purchased materials
    • Carpet cutting and binding
    • Sleeping bags manufacturing
    • Diapers (except disposable) made from purchased materials
    • Textile fire hoses made from purchased materials
    • Dust cloths made from purchased fabric
    • Weatherstripping made from purchased textiles

    Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

    • Manufacturing yarns and thread--are classified in Industry 313110, Fiber, Yarn, and Thread Mills;
    • Manufacturing carpets and rugs--are classified in Industry 314110, Carpet and Rug Mills;
    • Manufacturing curtains and linens--are classified in Industry 314120, Curtain and Linen Mills;
    • Manufacturing textile bags and canvas products--are classified in Industry 314910, Textile Bag and Canvas Mills; and
    • Manufacturing rope, cordage, twine, tire cord, and tire fabrics--are classified in U.S. Industry 314994, Rope, Cordage, Twine, Tire Cord, and Tire Fabric Mills.
    323113 - Commercial Screen Printing

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in screen printing without publishing (except books, grey goods, and manifold business forms). This industry includes establishments engaged in screen printing on purchased stock materials, such as stationery, invitations, labels, and similar items, on a job order basis. Establishments primarily engaged in printing on apparel and textile products, such as T-shirts, caps, jackets, towels, and napkins, are included in this industry.

    Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

    • Printing on grey goods--are classified in Industry 313310, Textile and Fabric Finishing Mills;
    • Printing books and pamphlets--are classified in U.S. Industry 323117, Books Printing;
    • Printing manifold business forms including checkbooks--are classified in U.S. Industry 323111, Commercial Printing (except Screen and Books);
    • Manufacturing printed stationery, invitations, labels, and similar items--are classified in Subsector 322, Paper Manufacturing; and
    • Printing and publishing, known as publishers--are classified in Subsector 511, Publishing Industries (except Internet).
    453920 - Art Dealers

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing original and limited edition art works. Included in this industry are establishments primarily engaged in displaying works of art for retail sale in art galleries.

    Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

    • Retailing original and limited edition art works via electronic home shopping, mail-order, or direct sale--are classified in Subsector 454, Nonstore Retailers;
    • Retailing art reproductions (except limited editions)--are classified in U.S. Industry 442299, All Other Home Furnishings Stores;
    • Retailing artists' supplies--are classified in U.S. Industry 453998, All Other Miscellaneous Store Retailers (except Tobacco Stores); and
    • Displaying works of art not for retail sale in art galleries--are classified in Industry 712110, Museums.
    541430 - Graphic Design Services

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in planning, designing, and managing the production of visual communication in order to convey specific messages or concepts, clarify complex information, or project visual identities. These services can include the design of printed materials, packaging, advertising, signage systems, and corporate identification (logos). This industry also includes commercial artists engaged exclusively in generating drawings and illustrations requiring technical accuracy or interpretative skills.

    Illustrative Examples:

    • Commercial art studios
    • Independent commercial or graphic artists
    • Corporate identification (i.e., logo) design services
    • Medical art or illustration services
    • Graphic design consulting services

    Cross-References.

    • Establishments primarily engaged in creating and/or placing public display advertising material are classified in Industry 541850, Outdoor Advertising; and
    • Independent artists primarily engaged in creating and selling visual artwork for noncommercial use and independent cartoonists are classified in Industry 711510, Independent Artists, Writers, and Performers.
    711510 - Independent Artists, Writers, and Performers

    This industry comprises independent (i.e., freelance) individuals primarily engaged in performing in artistic productions, in creating artistic and cultural works or productions, or in providing technical expertise necessary for these productions. This industry also includes athletes and other celebrities exclusively engaged in endorsing products and making speeches or public appearances for which they receive a fee.

    Illustrative Examples:

    • Independent actors or actresses
    • Independent producers
    • Independent art restorers
    • Independent recording technicians
    • Independent artists (except musical, commercial, or medical)
    • Independent speakers
    • Independent cartoonists
    • Independent theatrical costume designers
    • Independent dancers
    • Independent theatrical lighting technicians
    • Independent journalists

    Cross-References.

    • Freelance musicians and vocalists are classified in Industry 711130, Musical Groups and Artists;
    • Independent commercial artists and graphic designers are classified in Industry 541430, Graphic Design Services; and
    • Artisans and craftspersons are classified in Sector 31-33, Manufacturing.

    T002 PHOTO/MAP/PRINT/PUBLICATION- CARTOGRAPHY

    OBJECT CLASS CODE
    24.0 - Printing and reproduction

    SUGGESTED NAICS

    541370 - Surveying and Mapping (except Geophysical) Services

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in performing surveying and mapping services of the surface of the earth, including the sea floor. These services may include surveying and mapping of areas above or below the surface of the earth, such as the creation of view easements or segregating rights in parcels of land by creating underground utility easements.

    Illustrative Examples:

    • Cadastral surveying services
    • Mapping (except geophysical) services
    • Cartographic surveying services
    • Topographic surveying services
    • Geodetic surveying services

    Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

    • Providing geophysical surveying and mapping services--are classified in Industry 541360, Geophysical Surveying and Mapping Services;
    • Publishing atlases and maps, except for exclusive Internet publishing--are classified in Industry 511130, Book Publishers; and
    • Publishing atlases and maps exclusively on the Internet--are classified in Industry 519130, Internet Publishing and Broadcasting and Web Search Portals.

    T003 PHOTO/MAP/PRINT/PUBLICATION- CATALOGING

    OBJECT CLASS CODE
    24.0 - Printing and reproduction

    SUGGESTED NAICS

    NONE - NONE

    T004 PHOTO/MAP/PRINT/PUBLICATION- CHARTING

    OBJECT CLASS CODE
    24.0 - Printing and reproduction

    SUGGESTED NAICS

    NONE - NONE

    T005 PHOTO/MAP/PRINT/PUBLICATION- FILM PROCESSING

    OBJECT CLASS CODE
    24.0 - Printing and reproduction

    SUGGESTED NAICS

    443142 - Electronics Stores

    This U.S. industry comprises: (1) establishments known as consumer electronics stores primarily engaged in retailing a general line of new consumer-type electronic products such as televisions, computers, and cameras; (2) establishments specializing in retailing a single line of consumer-type electronic products; (3) establishments primarily engaged in retailing these new electronic products in combination with repair and support services; (4) establishments primarily engaged in retailing new prepackaged computer software; and/or (5) establishments primarily engaged in retailing prerecorded audio and video media, such as CDs, DVDs, and tapes.

    Illustrative Examples:

    • Consumer-type electronic stores (e.g., televisions, computers, cameras)
    • Stereo stores (except automotive)
    • Radio and television stores
    • Computer stores
    • Camera shops, photographic

    Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

    • Retailing electronic goods via electronic home shopping, mail-order, or direct sale--are classified in Subsector 454, Nonstore Retailers;
    • Retailing automotive electronic sound systems--are classified in Industry 441310, Automotive Parts and Accessories Stores;
    • Retailing new computers, computer peripherals, and prepackaged software in combination with retailing new office equipment, office furniture, and office supplies--are classified in Industry 453210, Office Supplies and Stationery Stores;
    • Providing television or other electronic equipment repair services without retailing new televisions or electronic products--are classified in Industry 81121, Electronic and Precision Equipment Repair and Maintenance;
    • Developing film and/or making photographic slides, prints, and enlargements without retailing a range of new photographic equipment and supplies--are classified in Industry 81292, Photofinishing;
    • Retailing new electronic toys, such as dedicated video game consoles and handheld electronic games--are classified in Industry 451120, Hobby, Toy, and Game Stores; and
    • Retailing used electronics--are classified in Industry 453310, Used Merchandise Stores.
    812921 - Photofinishing Laboratories (except One-Hour)

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments (except those known as "one-hour" photofinishing labs) primarily engaged in developing film and/or making photographic slides, prints, and enlargements.

    Cross-References.

    • Establishments primarily engaged in processing motion picture film for the motion picture and television industries are classified in U.S. Industry 512199, Other Motion Picture and Video Industries; and
    • Establishments known as "one-hour" photofinishing labs are classified in U.S. Industry 812922, One-Hour Photofinishing.
    812922 - One-Hour Photofinishing

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments known as "one-hour" photofinishing labs primarily engaged in developing film and/or making photographic slides, prints, and enlargements on a short turnaround or while-you-wait basis.

    Cross-References.

    Photofinishing laboratories (except those known as "one-hour" photofinishing labs) are classified in U.S. Industry 812921, Photofinishing Laboratories (except One-Hour).

    T006 PHOTO/MAP/PRINT/PUBLICATION- FILM/VIDEO TAPE PRODUCTION

    OBJECT CLASS CODE
    24.0 - Printing and reproduction

    SUGGESTED NAICS

    423990 - Other Miscellaneous Durable Goods Merchant Wholesalers

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the merchant wholesale distribution of durable goods (except motor vehicle and motor vehicle parts and supplies; furniture and home furnishings; lumber and other construction materials; professional and commercial equipment and supplies; metals and minerals (except petroleum); electrical goods; hardware, and plumbing and heating equipment and supplies; machinery, equipment and supplies; sporting and recreational goods and supplies; toy and hobby goods and supplies; recyclable materials; and jewelry, watches, precious stones and precious metals).

    Illustrative Examples:

    • Musical instruments merchant wholesalers
    • Prerecorded audio and video tapes and discs merchant wholesalers
    • Phonograph records merchant wholesalers
    • Prerecorded compact discs (CDs) and digital video discs (DVDs) merchant wholesalers
    • Prerecorded audio and video cassettes merchant wholesalers
    • Timber and timber products (except lumber) merchant wholesalers

    Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

    • Merchant wholesale distribution of automobiles and other motor vehicles, motor vehicle supplies, tires, and new and used parts--are classified in Industry Group 4231, Motor Vehicle and Motor Vehicle Parts and Supplies Merchant Wholesalers;
    • Merchant wholesale distribution of furniture and home furnishings--are classified in Industry Group 4232, Furniture and Home Furnishing Merchant Wholesalers;
    • Merchant wholesale distribution of lumber, plywood, millwork, wood panels, brick, stone, roofing, siding, and other nonelectrical construction materials--are classified in Industry Group 4233, Lumber and Other Construction Materials Merchant Wholesalers;
    • Merchant wholesale distribution of photographic; office; computer and computer peripheral; medical, dental, hospital, ophthalmic; and other commercial and professional equipment and supplies--are classified in Industry Group 4234, Professional and Commercial Equipment and Supplies Merchant Wholesalers;
    • Merchant wholesale distribution of coal and other minerals and ores and semi-finished metal products--are classified in Industry Group 4235, Metal and Mineral (except Petroleum) Merchant Wholesalers;
    • Merchant wholesale distribution of household appliances and electrical goods--are classified in Industry Group 4236, Household Appliances and Electrical and Electronic Goods Merchant Wholesalers;
    • Merchant wholesale distribution of hardware; and plumbing, heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration equipment and supplies--are classified in Industry Group 4237, Hardware, and Plumbing and Heating Equipment and Supplies Merchant Wholesalers;
    • Merchant wholesale distribution of construction, mining, farm, garden, industrial, service establishment, and transportation machinery, equipment and supplies--are classified in Industry Group 4238, Machinery, Equipment, and Supplies Merchant Wholesalers;
    • Merchant wholesale distribution of sporting goods and accessories; billiard and pool supplies; sporting firearms and ammunition; and/or marine pleasure craft, equipment, and supplies--are classified in Industry 423910, Sporting and Recreational Goods and Supplies Merchant Wholesalers;
    • Merchant wholesale distribution of toys, fireworks, playing cards, hobby goods and supplies and/or related goods--are classified in Industry 423920, Toy and Hobby Goods and Supplies Merchant Wholesalers;
    • Merchant wholesale distribution of automotive, industrial, and other recyclable materials--are classified in Industry 423930, Recyclable Material Merchant Wholesalers; and
    • Merchant wholesale distribution of jewelry, precious and semiprecious stones, precious metals and metal flatware, costume jewelry, watches, clocks, silverware, and/or jewelers' findings--are classified in Industry 423940, Jewelry, Watch, Precious Stone, and Precious Metal Merchant Wholesalers.
    512110 - Motion Picture and Video Production

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in producing, or producing and distributing motion pictures, videos, television programs, or television commercials.

    Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

    • Producing motion pictures and videos on contract as independent producers--are classified in Industry 711510, Independent Artists, Writers, and Performers;
    • Providing teleproduction and other postproduction services--are classified in U.S. Industry 512191, Teleproduction and Other Postproduction Services;
    • Providing video taping of weddings, special events, and/or business inventories--are classified in Industry 54192, Photographic Services;
    • Providing motion picture laboratory services--are classified in U.S. Industry 512199, Other Motion Picture and Video Industries;
    • Providing mass duplication and packaging of video tapes--are classified in U.S. Industry 334614, Software and Other Prerecorded Compact Disc, Tape, and Record Reproducing; and
    • Acquiring distribution rights and distributing motion pictures and videos--are classified in Industry 512120, Motion Picture and Video Distribution.
    512120 - Motion Picture and Video Distribution

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in acquiring distribution rights and distributing film and video productions to motion picture theaters, television networks and stations, and exhibitors.

    Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

    • Producing and distributing motion pictures and videos--are classified in Industry 512110, Motion Picture and Video Production;
    • Merchant wholesale distribution of blank video cassette tapes and discs--are classified in Industry 423690, Other Electronic Parts and Equipment Merchant Wholesalers;
    • Merchant wholesale distribution of prerecorded video cassette tapes and discs--are classified in Industry 423990, Other Miscellaneous Durable Goods Merchant Wholesalers;
    • Providing mass duplication and packaging of video tapes--are classified in U.S. Industry 334614, Software and Other Prerecorded Compact Disc, Tape, and Record Reproducing;
    • Providing motion picture footage (via film libraries) to producers--are classified in U.S. Industry 512199, Other Motion Picture and Video Industries;
    • Renting video tapes and discs to the general public--are classified in Industry 532230, Video Tape and Disc Rental; and
    • Selling video cassettes and discs to the general public--are classified in U.S. Industry 443142, Electronics Stores.
    512191 - Teleproduction and Other Postproduction Services

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing specialized motion picture or video postproduction services, such as editing, film/tape transfers, subtitling, credits, closed captioning, and animation and special effects.

    Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

    • Mass duplicating video tapes and film--are classified in U.S. Industry 334614, Software and Other Prerecorded Compact Disc, Tape, and Record Reproducing;
    • Developing and processing motion picture film--are classified in U.S. Industry 512199, Other Motion Picture and Video Industries;
    • Providing audio services for film, television, and video productions--are classified in Industry 512240, Sound Recording Studios; and
    • Acquiring distribution rights and distributing film and video productions to motion picture theaters, television networks and stations, and exhibitors--are classified in Industry 512120, Motion Picture and Video Distribution.
    512199 - Other Motion Picture and Video Industries

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing motion picture and video services (except motion picture and video production, distribution, exhibition, and teleproduction and other postproduction services).

    Illustrative Examples:

    • Motion picture film laboratories
    • Stock footage film libraries
    • Film preservation services

    Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

    • Renting wardrobes and costumes for motion picture production--are classified in Industry 532220, Formal Wear and Costume Rental;
    • Renting studio equipment--are classified in Industry 532490, Other Commercial and Industrial Machinery and Equipment Rental and Leasing;
    • Casting actors and actresses with production companies--are classified in U.S. Industry 561311, Employment Placement Agencies;
    • Motion picture and video production--are classified in Industry 512110, Motion Picture and Video Production;
    • Motion picture and video distribution--are classified in Industry 512120, Motion Picture and Video Distribution;
    • Teleproduction and other postproduction services--are classified in U.S. Industry 512191, Teleproduction and Other Postproduction Services; and
    • Motion picture and video exhibition--are classified in Industry 51213, Motion Picture and Video Exhibition.
    519120 - Libraries and Archives

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing library or archive services. These establishments are engaged in maintaining collections of documents (e.g., books, journals, newspapers, and music) and facilitating the use of such documents (recorded information regardless of its physical form and characteristics) as are required to meet the informational, research, educational, or recreational needs of their user. These establishments may also acquire, research, store, preserve, and generally make accessible to the public historical documents, photographs, maps, audio material, audiovisual material, and other archival material of historical interest. All or portions of these collections may be accessible electronically.

    Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

    • Providing stock footage (via motion picture and video tape libraries) to the media, multimedia, and advertising industries--are classified in U.S. Industry 512199, Other Motion Picture and Video Industries;
    • Providing stock music to the media, multimedia, and advertising industries--are classified in Industry 512290, Other Sound Recording Industries;
    • Providing stock photos to the media, multimedia, and advertising industries--are classified in Industry 519190, All Other Information Services; and
    • Distributing film and video productions to motion picture theaters, television networks and stations, and exhibitors--are classified in Industry 512120, Motion Picture and Video Distribution.
    711510 - Independent Artists, Writers, and Performers

    This industry comprises independent (i.e., freelance) individuals primarily engaged in performing in artistic productions, in creating artistic and cultural works or productions, or in providing technical expertise necessary for these productions. This industry also includes athletes and other celebrities exclusively engaged in endorsing products and making speeches or public appearances for which they receive a fee.

    Illustrative Examples:

    • Independent actors or actresses
    • Independent producers
    • Independent art restorers
    • Independent recording technicians
    • Independent artists (except musical, commercial, or medical)
    • Independent speakers
    • Independent cartoonists
    • Independent theatrical costume designers
    • Independent dancers
    • Independent theatrical lighting technicians
    • Independent journalists

    Cross-References.

    • Freelance musicians and vocalists are classified in Industry 711130, Musical Groups and Artists;
    • Independent commercial artists and graphic designers are classified in Industry 541430, Graphic Design Services; and
    • Artisans and craftspersons are classified in Sector 31-33, Manufacturing.

    T007 PHOTO/MAP/PRINT/PUBLICATION- MICROFORM

    OBJECT CLASS CODE
    24.0 - Printing and reproduction

    SUGGESTED NAICS

    518210 - Data Processing, Hosting, and Related Services

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing infrastructure for hosting or data processing services. These establishments may provide specialized hosting activities, such as web hosting, streaming services or application hosting; provide application service provisioning; or may provide general time-share mainframe facilities to clients. Data processing establishments provide complete processing and specialized reports from data supplied by clients or provide automated data processing and data entry services.

    Illustrative Examples:

    • Application hosting
    • Optical scanning services
    • Application service providers
    • Web hosting
    • Computer data storage services
    • Video and audio streaming service
    • Computer input preparation services
    • Microfilm imaging services
    • Computer time rental

    Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

    • Providing text processing and related document preparation activities--are classified in Industry 561410, Document Preparation Services;
    • Providing on-site management and operation of a client's data-processing facilities--are classified in U.S. Industry 541513, Computer Facilities Management Services;
    • Providing wired broadband Internet access services using own operated telecommunications infrastructure, in combination with web hosting--are classified in Industry 517110, Wired Telecommunications Carriers;
    • Providing Internet access via client-supplied telecommunications connections in combination with web hosting--are classified in U.S. Industry 517919, All Other Telecommunications;
    • Operating web search portals--are classified in U.S. Industry 519130, Internet Publishing and Broadcastingand Web Search Portals;
    • Providing access to computers and office equipment, as well as other office support services--are classified in Industry 56143, Business Service Centers;
    • Processing financial transactions, such as credit card transactions--are classified in Industry 522320, Financial Transactions Processing, Reserve, and Clearinghouse Activities; and
    • Providing payroll processing services--are classified in U.S. Industry 541214, Payroll Services.

    T008 PHOTO/MAP/PRINT/PUBLICATION- PHOTOGRAMMETRY

    OBJECT CLASS CODE
    24.0 - Printing and reproduction

    SUGGESTED NAICS

    443142 - Electronics Stores

    This U.S. industry comprises: (1) establishments known as consumer electronics stores primarily engaged in retailing a general line of new consumer-type electronic products such as televisions, computers, and cameras; (2) establishments specializing in retailing a single line of consumer-type electronic products; (3) establishments primarily engaged in retailing these new electronic products in combination with repair and support services; (4) establishments primarily engaged in retailing new prepackaged computer software; and/or (5) establishments primarily engaged in retailing prerecorded audio and video media, such as CDs, DVDs, and tapes.

    Illustrative Examples:

    • Consumer-type electronic stores (e.g., televisions, computers, cameras)
    • Stereo stores (except automotive)
    • Radio and television stores
    • Computer stores
    • Camera shops, photographic

    Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

    • Retailing electronic goods via electronic home shopping, mail-order, or direct sale--are classified in Subsector 454, Nonstore Retailers;
    • Retailing automotive electronic sound systems--are classified in Industry 441310, Automotive Parts and Accessories Stores;
    • Retailing new computers, computer peripherals, and prepackaged software in combination with retailing new office equipment, office furniture, and office supplies--are classified in Industry 453210, Office Supplies and Stationery Stores;
    • Providing television or other electronic equipment repair services without retailing new televisions or electronic products--are classified in Industry 81121, Electronic and Precision Equipment Repair and Maintenance;
    • Developing film and/or making photographic slides, prints, and enlargements without retailing a range of new photographic equipment and supplies--are classified in Industry 81292, Photofinishing;
    • Retailing new electronic toys, such as dedicated video game consoles and handheld electronic games--are classified in Industry 451120, Hobby, Toy, and Game Stores; and
    • Retailing used electronics--are classified in Industry 453310, Used Merchandise Stores.

    T009 PHOTO/MAP/PRINT/PUBLICATION- AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHIC

    OBJECT CLASS CODE
    24.0 - Printing and reproduction

    SUGGESTED NAICS

    443142 - Electronics Stores

    This U.S. industry comprises: (1) establishments known as consumer electronics stores primarily engaged in retailing a general line of new consumer-type electronic products such as televisions, computers, and cameras; (2) establishments specializing in retailing a single line of consumer-type electronic products; (3) establishments primarily engaged in retailing these new electronic products in combination with repair and support services; (4) establishments primarily engaged in retailing new prepackaged computer software; and/or (5) establishments primarily engaged in retailing prerecorded audio and video media, such as CDs, DVDs, and tapes.

    Illustrative Examples:

    • Consumer-type electronic stores (e.g., televisions, computers, cameras)
    • Stereo stores (except automotive)
    • Radio and television stores
    • Computer stores
    • Camera shops, photographic

    Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

    • Retailing electronic goods via electronic home shopping, mail-order, or direct sale--are classified in Subsector 454, Nonstore Retailers;
    • Retailing automotive electronic sound systems--are classified in Industry 441310, Automotive Parts and Accessories Stores;
    • Retailing new computers, computer peripherals, and prepackaged software in combination with retailing new office equipment, office furniture, and office supplies--are classified in Industry 453210, Office Supplies and Stationery Stores;
    • Providing television or other electronic equipment repair services without retailing new televisions or electronic products--are classified in Industry 81121, Electronic and Precision Equipment Repair and Maintenance;
    • Developing film and/or making photographic slides, prints, and enlargements without retailing a range of new photographic equipment and supplies--are classified in Industry 81292, Photofinishing;
    • Retailing new electronic toys, such as dedicated video game consoles and handheld electronic games--are classified in Industry 451120, Hobby, Toy, and Game Stores; and
    • Retailing used electronics--are classified in Industry 453310, Used Merchandise Stores.
    481219 - Other Nonscheduled Air Transportation

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing air transportation with no regular routes and regular schedules (except nonscheduled chartered passenger and/or cargo air transportation). These establishments provide a variety of specialty air transportation or flying services based on individual customer needs using general purpose aircraft.

    Illustrative Examples:

    • Aircraft charter services (i.e., general purpose aircraft used for a variety of specialty air and flying services)
    • Aviation clubs providing a variety of air transportation activities to the general public

    Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

    • Providing air transportation of passengers or passengers and cargo with no regular routes and regular schedules--are classified in U.S. Industry 481211, Nonscheduled Chartered Passenger Air Transportation;
    • Providing air transportation of cargo without transporting passengers with no regular routes and regular schedules--are classified in U.S. Industry 481212, Nonscheduled Chartered Freight Air Transportation;
    • Crop dusting using specialized aircraft--are classified in U.S. Industry 115112, Soil Preparation, Planting, and Cultivating;
    • Fighting forest fires using specialized water bombers--are classified in Industry 115310, Support Activities for Forestry;
    • Providing specialized air sightseeing services--are classified in Industry 487990, Scenic and Sightseeing Transportation, Other;
    • Operating specialized flying schools, including all training for commercial pilots--are classified in U.S. Industry 611512, Flight Training;
    • Providing specialized air ambulance services using specialized equipment--are classified in Industry 621910, Ambulance Services;
    • Operating recreation aviation clubs--are classified in Industry 713990, All Other Amusement and Recreation Industries;
    • Operating advocacy aviation clubs--are classified in U.S. Industry 813319, Other Social Advocacy Organizations;
    • Aerial gathering of geophysical data for surveying and mapping--are classified in Industry 541360, Geophysical Surveying and Mapping Services; and
    • Providing aerial and/or other surveying and mapping services--are classified in Industry 541370, Surveying and Mapping (except Geophysical) Services.
    541922 - Commercial Photography

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing commercial photography services, generally for advertising agencies, publishers, and other business and industrial users.

    Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

    • Producing film and videotape for commercial exhibition or sale--are classified in Industry 512110, Motion Picture and Video Production;
    • Developing still photographs--are classified in Industry 81292, Photofinishing;
    • Developing motion picture film--are classified in U.S. Industry 512199, Other Motion Picture and Video Industries;
    • Taking, developing, and selling artistic, news, or other types of photographs on a freelance basis, such as photojournalists--are classified in Industry 711510, Independent Artists, Writers, and Performers; and
    • Supplying and servicing automatic photography machines in places of business operated by others--are classified in Industry 812990, All Other Personal Services.

    T010 PHOTO/MAP/PRINT/PUBLICATION- GENERAL PHOTOGRAPHIC: STILL

    OBJECT CLASS CODE
    24.0 - Printing and reproduction

    SUGGESTED NAICS

    443142 - Electronics Stores

    This U.S. industry comprises: (1) establishments known as consumer electronics stores primarily engaged in retailing a general line of new consumer-type electronic products such as televisions, computers, and cameras; (2) establishments specializing in retailing a single line of consumer-type electronic products; (3) establishments primarily engaged in retailing these new electronic products in combination with repair and support services; (4) establishments primarily engaged in retailing new prepackaged computer software; and/or (5) establishments primarily engaged in retailing prerecorded audio and video media, such as CDs, DVDs, and tapes.

    Illustrative Examples:

    • Consumer-type electronic stores (e.g., televisions, computers, cameras)
    • Stereo stores (except automotive)
    • Radio and television stores
    • Computer stores
    • Camera shops, photographic

    Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

    • Retailing electronic goods via electronic home shopping, mail-order, or direct sale--are classified in Subsector 454, Nonstore Retailers;
    • Retailing automotive electronic sound systems--are classified in Industry 441310, Automotive Parts and Accessories Stores;
    • Retailing new computers, computer peripherals, and prepackaged software in combination with retailing new office equipment, office furniture, and office supplies--are classified in Industry 453210, Office Supplies and Stationery Stores;
    • Providing television or other electronic equipment repair services without retailing new televisions or electronic products--are classified in Industry 81121, Electronic and Precision Equipment Repair and Maintenance;
    • Developing film and/or making photographic slides, prints, and enlargements without retailing a range of new photographic equipment and supplies--are classified in Industry 81292, Photofinishing;
    • Retailing new electronic toys, such as dedicated video game consoles and handheld electronic games--are classified in Industry 451120, Hobby, Toy, and Game Stores; and
    • Retailing used electronics--are classified in Industry 453310, Used Merchandise Stores.
    541921 - Photography Studios, Portrait

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments known as portrait studios primarily engaged in providing still, video, or digital portrait photography services.

    Illustrative Examples:

    • Home photography services
    • School photography services
    • Passport photography services
    • Videotaping services for special events (e.g., weddings)

    Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

    • Producing film and videotape for commercial exhibition or sale--are classified in Industry 512110, Motion Picture and Video Production;
    • Developing still photographs--are classified in Industry 81292, Photofinishing;
    • Developing motion picture film--are classified in U.S. Industry 512199, Other Motion Picture and Video Industries;
    • Taking, developing, and selling artistic, news, or other types of photographs on a freelance basis, such as photojournalists--are classified in Industry 711510, Independent Artists, Writers, and Performers; and
    • Supplying and servicing automatic photography machines in places of business operated by others--are classified in Industry 812990, All Other Personal Services.
    541922 - Commercial Photography

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing commercial photography services, generally for advertising agencies, publishers, and other business and industrial users.

    Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

    • Producing film and videotape for commercial exhibition or sale--are classified in Industry 512110, Motion Picture and Video Production;
    • Developing still photographs--are classified in Industry 81292, Photofinishing;
    • Developing motion picture film--are classified in U.S. Industry 512199, Other Motion Picture and Video Industries;
    • Taking, developing, and selling artistic, news, or other types of photographs on a freelance basis, such as photojournalists--are classified in Industry 711510, Independent Artists, Writers, and Performers; and
    • Supplying and servicing automatic photography machines in places of business operated by others--are classified in Industry 812990, All Other Personal Services.




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