Encompasses services for engineering management, program management, management support, administration, and other services, professional services, and education and training. It also includes RDT&E management and support.
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Administrative & Other Services


T011 PHOTO/MAP/PRINT/PUBLICATION- PRINT/BINDING

OBJECT CLASS CODE
24.0 - Printing and reproduction

SUGGESTED NAICS

323111 - Commercial Printing (except Screen and Books)

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in commercial printing (except screen printing, books printing) without publishing (except grey goods printing). Printing processes used in this industry include lithographic, gravure, flexographic, letterpress, engraving, and various digital printing technologies. This industry includes establishments engaged in commercial printing on purchased stock materials, such as stationery, invitations, labels, and similar items, on a job order basis. Establishments primarily engaged in traditional printing activities combined with document photocopying services (i.e., quick printers) or primarily engaged in printing graphical materials using digital printing equipment are included in this industry.

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Screen printing on purchased stock materials (except books, grey goods, and manifold business forms)--are classified in U.S. Industry 323113, Commercial Screen Printing;
  • Printing on grey goods--are classified in Industry 313310, Textile and Fabric Finishing Mills;
  • Printing books and pamphlets--are classified in U.S. Industry 323117, Books Printing;
  • Manufacturing printed stationery, invitations, labels, and similar items--are classified in Subsector 322, Paper Manufacturing;
  • Providing photocopying service on photocopy equipment without performing traditional printing activities--are classified in U.S. Industry 561439, Other Business Service Centers (including Copy Shops); and
  • Printing and publishing, known as publishers--are classified in Subsector 511, Publishing Industries (except Internet).
323113 - Commercial Screen Printing

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in screen printing without publishing (except books, grey goods, and manifold business forms). This industry includes establishments engaged in screen printing on purchased stock materials, such as stationery, invitations, labels, and similar items, on a job order basis. Establishments primarily engaged in printing on apparel and textile products, such as T-shirts, caps, jackets, towels, and napkins, are included in this industry.

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Printing on grey goods--are classified in Industry 313310, Textile and Fabric Finishing Mills;
  • Printing books and pamphlets--are classified in U.S. Industry 323117, Books Printing;
  • Printing manifold business forms including checkbooks--are classified in U.S. Industry 323111, Commercial Printing (except Screen and Books);
  • Manufacturing printed stationery, invitations, labels, and similar items--are classified in Subsector 322, Paper Manufacturing; and
  • Printing and publishing, known as publishers--are classified in Subsector 511, Publishing Industries (except Internet).
323120 - Support Activities for Printing

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in performing prepress and postpress services in support of printing activities. Prepress services may include such things as platemaking, typesetting, tradebinding, and sample mounting. Postpress services include such things as book or paper bronzing, die-cutting, edging, embossing, folding, gilding, gluing, and indexing.

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Engraving of the type done on metal--are classified in U.S. Industry 332812, Metal Coating, Engraving (except Jewelry and Silverware), and Allied Services to Manufacturers;
  • Manufacturing photosensitive plates for printing--are classified in U.S. Industry 325992, Photographic Film, Paper, Plate, and Chemical Manufacturing;
  • Manufacturing blank plates (except photosensitive plates) for printing--are classified in U.S. Industry 333244, Printing Machinery and Equipment Manufacturing; and
  • Printing books or printing and binding books--are classified in U.S. Industry 323117, Books Printing.
511120 - Periodical Publishers

This industry comprises establishments known either as magazine publishers or periodical publishers. These establishments carry out the operations necessary for producing and distributing magazines and other periodicals, such as gathering, writing, and editing articles, and selling and preparing advertisements. These establishments may publish magazines and other periodicals in print or electronic form.

Illustrative Examples:

  • Comic book publishers (except exclusive Internet publishing)
  • Radio and television guide publishers (except exclusive Internet publishing)
  • Magazine publishers (except exclusive Internet publishing)
  • Scholarly journal publishers (except exclusive Internet publishing)
  • Newsletter publishers (except exclusive Internet publishing)
  • Trade journal publishers (except exclusive Internet publishing)

Cross-References.

  • Establishments publishing periodicals exclusively on the Internet are classified in Industry 519130, Internet Publishing and Broadcasting and Web Search Portals;
  • Establishments primarily engaged in printing periodicals without publishing are classified in Industry 32311, Printing;
  • Establishments, such as trade associations, schools and universities, and social welfare organizations, that publish magazines and periodicals for distribution to their membership, but that are not commonly known as periodical publishers, are classified according to their primary activity designation;
  • Establishments primarily engaged in publishing directories and mailing lists are classified in Industry 511140, Directory and Mailing List Publishers; and
  • Establishments of independent representatives primarily engaged in selling advertising space are classified in Industry 541840, Media Representatives.
511130 - Book Publishers

This industry comprises establishments known as book publishers. Establishments in this industry carry out design, editing, and marketing activities necessary for producing and distributing books. These establishments may publish books in print, electronic, or audio form.

Illustrative Examples:

  • Atlas publishers (except exclusive Internet publishing)
  • Religious book publishers (except exclusive Internet publishing)
  • Book publishers (except exclusive Internet publishing)
  • School textbook publishers (except exclusive Internet publishing)
  • Encyclopedia publishers (except exclusive Internet publishing)
  • Technical manual publishers (except exclusive Internet publishing)
  • Map publishers (except exclusive Internet publishing)
  • Travel guide book publishers (except exclusive Internet publishing)

Cross-References.

  • Establishments publishing books on the Internet exclusively are classified in Industry 519130, Internet Publishing and Broadcasting and Web Search Portals;
  • Establishments primarily engaged in printing books without publishing are classified in U.S. Industry 323117, Books Printing;
  • Establishments known as music publishers are classified in Industry 512230, Music Publishers;
  • Establishments, such as trade associations, schools and universities, and social welfare organizations, that publish books for distribution to their membership, that are not commonly known as book publishers, are classified according to their primary activity designation; and
  • Book clubs primarily engaged in direct sales activities without publishing are classified in Industry 454390, Other Direct Selling Establishments.
511140 - Directory and Mailing List Publishers

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in publishing directories, mailing lists, and collections or compilations of fact. The products are typically protected in their selection, arrangement and/or presentation. Examples are lists of mailing addresses, telephone directories, directories of businesses, collections or compilations of proprietary drugs or legal case results, compilations of public records, etc. These establishments may publish directories and mailing lists in print or electronic form.

Illustrative Examples:

  • Business directory publishers (except exclusive Internet publishing)
  • Mailing list publishers (except exclusive Internet publishing)
  • Directory publishers (except exclusive Internet publishing)
  • Telephone directory publishers (except exclusive Internet publishing)

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Operating web search portals or developing and publishing, exclusively on the Internet, collections or compilations of creative works or facts--are classified in Industry 519130, Internet Publishing and Broadcasting and Web Search Portals;
  • Compiling mailing lists in conjunction with providing direct mail advertising services--are classified in Industry 541860, Direct Mail Advertising;
  • Printing without publishing directories and mailing lists--are classified in Industry 32311, Printing;
  • Publishing computer software--are classified in Industry 511210, Software Publishers;
  • Creating and publishing encyclopedias and similar collections of creative works in print and/or electronic media--are classified in Industry 511130, Book Publishers; and
  • Creating and publishing collections of creative works that are periodically updated--are classified in Industry 511120, Periodical Publishers.
511191 - Greeting Card Publishers

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in publishing greeting cards.

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Publishing greeting cards exclusively on the Internet--are classified in Industry 519130, Internet Publishing and Broadcasting and Web Search Portals; and
  • Printing greeting cards without publishing--are classified in Industry 32311, Printing.
511199 - All Other Publishers

This U.S. industry comprises establishments generally known as publishers (except newspaper, magazine, book, directory, database, music, and greeting card publishers). These establishments may publish works in print or electronic form.

Illustrative Examples:

  • ÔArt print publishers (except exclusive Internet publishing)
  • Calendar publishers (except exclusive Internet publishing)

Cross-References.

  • Establishments publishing exclusively on the Internet are classified in Industry 519130, Internet Publishing and Broadcasting and Web Search Portals;
  • Establishments known as newspaper publishers are classified in Industry 511110, Newspaper Publishers;
  • Establishments known as magazine or other periodical publishers are classified in Industry 511120, Periodical Publishers;
  • Establishments known as book publishers are classified in Industry 511130, Book Publishers;
  • Establishments primarily engaged in publishing directories and mailing lists are classified in Industry 511140, Directory and Mailing List Publishers;
  • Establishments primarily engaged in greeting card publishing are classified in U.S. Industry 511191, Greeting Card Publishers;
  • Establishments known as music publishers are classified in Industry 512230, Music Publishers; and
  • Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing day schedulers and/or manifold business forms are classified in U.S. Industry 323111, Commercial Printing (except Screen and Books).
512230 - Music Publishers

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in acquiring and registering copyrights for musical compositions in accordance with law and promoting and authorizing the use of these compositions in recordings, radio, television, motion pictures, live performances, print, or other media. Establishments in this industry represent the interests of the songwriter or other owners of musical compositions to produce revenues from the use of such works, generally through licensing agreements. These establishments may own the copyright or act as administrator of the music copyrights on behalf of copyright owners. Publishers of music books and sheet music are included in this industry.

Cross-References.

Establishments primarily engaged as independent songwriters who act as their own publishers are classified in Industry 711510, Independent Artists, Writers, and Performers.

51224,Sound Recording Studios,

See industry description for 512240 below.

"
519130 - Internet Publishing and Broadcasting and Web Search Portals

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in (1) publishing and/or broadcasting content on the Internet exclusively or (2) operating Web sites that use a search engine to generate and maintain extensive databases of Internet addresses and content in an easily searchable format (and known as Web search portals). The publishing and broadcasting establishments in this industry do not provide traditional (non-Internet) versions of the content that they publish or broadcast. They provide textual, audio, and/or video content of general or specific interest on the Internet exclusively. Establishments known as Web search portals often provide additional Internet services, such as e-mail, connections to other web sites, auctions, news, and other limited content, and serve as a home base for Internet users.

Illustrative Examples:

  • Internet book publishers
  • Internet sports sites
  • Internet entertainment sites
  • Internet video broadcast sites
  • Internet game sites
  • Internet news publishers
  • Internet periodical publishers
  • Internet radio stations
  • Internet search portals
  • Web search portals
  • Internet search web sites

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Providing wired broadband Internet access using own operated telecommunications infrastructure--are classified in Industry 517110, Wired Telecommunications Carriers;
  • Providing both Internet publishing and other print or electronic (e.g., CD-ROM, diskette) editions in the same establishment or using proprietary networks to distribute content--are classified in Subsector 511,Publishing Industries (except Internet) based on the materials produced;
  • Providing Internet access via client-supplied telecommunications connections--are classified in U.S. Industry 517919, All Other Telecommunications;
  • Providing streaming services on content owned by others--are classified in Industry 518210, Data Processing, Hosting, and Related Services;
  • Wholesaling goods on the Internet--are classified in Sector 42, Wholesale Trade;
  • Retailing goods on the Internet--are classified in Sector 44-45, Retail Trade; and
  • Operating stock brokerages, travel reservation systems, purchasing services, and similar activities using the Internet rather than traditional methods--are classified with the more traditional establishments providing these services.

T012 PHOTO/MAP/PRINT/PUBLICATION- REPRODUCTION

OBJECT CLASS CODE
24.0 - Printing and reproduction

SUGGESTED NAICS

323111 - Commercial Printing (except Screen and Books)

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in commercial printing (except screen printing, books printing) without publishing (except grey goods printing). Printing processes used in this industry include lithographic, gravure, flexographic, letterpress, engraving, and various digital printing technologies. This industry includes establishments engaged in commercial printing on purchased stock materials, such as stationery, invitations, labels, and similar items, on a job order basis. Establishments primarily engaged in traditional printing activities combined with document photocopying services (i.e., quick printers) or primarily engaged in printing graphical materials using digital printing equipment are included in this industry.

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Screen printing on purchased stock materials (except books, grey goods, and manifold business forms)--are classified in U.S. Industry 323113, Commercial Screen Printing;
  • Printing on grey goods--are classified in Industry 313310, Textile and Fabric Finishing Mills;
  • Printing books and pamphlets--are classified in U.S. Industry 323117, Books Printing;
  • Manufacturing printed stationery, invitations, labels, and similar items--are classified in Subsector 322, Paper Manufacturing;
  • Providing photocopying service on photocopy equipment without performing traditional printing activities--are classified in U.S. Industry 561439, Other Business Service Centers (including Copy Shops); and
  • Printing and publishing, known as publishers--are classified in Subsector 511, Publishing Industries (except Internet).
334614 - Software and Other Prerecorded Compact Disc, Tape, and Record Reproducing

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mass reproducing computer software or other prerecorded audio and video material on magnetic or optical media, such as CD-ROMs, DVDs, tapes, or cartridges. These establishments do not generally develop any software or produce any audio or video content. This industry includes establishments that mass reproduce game cartridges.

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Designing, developing, and publishing prepackaged software--are classified in Industry 511210, Software Publishers;
  • Audio, motion picture and/or video production and/or distribution--are classified in Subsector 512, Motion Picture and Sound Recording Industries; and
  • Manufacturing blank audio and video tape, blank diskettes, and blank optical discs--are classified in U.S. Industry 334613, Blank Magnetic and Optical Recording Media Manufacturing.
512240 - Sound Recording Studios

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing the facilities and technical expertise for sound recording in a studio. This industry includes establishments that provide audio production and postproduction services to produce master recordings. These establishments may provide audio services for film, television, and video productions.

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Releasing, promoting, and distributing sound recordings--are classified in Industry 512220, Integrated Record Production/Distribution;
  • Providing mass duplication of recorded products--are classified in U.S. Industry 334614, Software and Other Prerecorded Compact Disc, Tape, and Record Reproducing; and
  • Contracting with musical artists, arranging for the production of master recordings, and marketing the reproduction rights--are classified in Industry 512210, Record Production.
512290 - Other Sound Recording Industries

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing sound recording services (except record production, distribution, music publishing, and sound recording in a studio). Establishments in this industry provide services, such as the audio recording of meetings and conferences.

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Producing records, including contracting with musical artists, arranging and financing the production of master recordings, and marketing the reproduction rights--are classified in Industry 512210, Record Production;
  • Releasing, promoting, and distributing sound recordings--are classified in Industry 512220, Integrated Record Production/Distribution;
  • Promoting and authorizing the use of musical works in various media--are classified in Industry 512230, Music Publishers;
  • Providing facilities and expertise for recording musical performance--are classified in Industry 512240, Sound Recording Studios;
  • Providing mass duplication of recorded products--are classified in U.S. Industry 334614, Software and Other Prerecorded Compact Disc, Tape, and Record Reproducing; and
  • Organizing and promoting the presentation of performing arts productions--are classified in Industry Group 7113, Promoters of Performing Arts, Sports, and Similar Events.
561439 - Other Business Service Centers (including Copy Shops)

This U.S. industry comprises (1) establishments generally known as copy centers or shops primarily engaged in providing photocopying, duplicating, blueprinting, and other document copying services, without also providing printing services (e.g., offset printing, quick printing, digital printing, prepress services) and (2) establishments (except private mail centers) engaged in providing a range of office support services (except printing services), such as document copying services, facsimile services, word processing services, on-site PC rental services, and office product sales.

Cross-References.

  • Establishments engaged in providing document copying services in combination with printing services, with or without a range of other office support services, and establishments known as quick or digital printers are classified in U.S. Industry 323111, Commercial Printing (except Screen and Books);
  • Establishments engaged in providing mailbox rental and other postal and mailing services with or without one or more other office support services (except printing) are classified in U.S. Industry 561431, Private Mail Centers;
  • Establishments exclusively engaged in providing a single office support service (except document copying) to clients, but not the range of office support services that establishments in this industry may provide, are classified according to the service provided; and
  • Establishments engaged in providing full service office space, whether on a lease or service contract basis, are classified in Industry 531120, Lessors of Nonresidential Buildings (except Miniwarehouses).

T013 PHOTO/MAP/PRINT/PUBLICATION- TECHNICAL WRITING

OBJECT CLASS CODE
24.0 - Printing and reproduction

SUGGESTED NAICS

519190 - All Other Information Services

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing other information services (except news syndicates, libraries, archives, Internet publishing and broadcasting, and Web search portals).

Illustrative Examples:

  • News clipping services
  • Telephone-based information services
  • Stock photo agencies

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Providing wired broadband Internet access services using own operated telecommunications infrastructure--are classified in Industry 517110, Wired Telecommunications Carriers;
  • Providing Internet access via client-supplied telecommunications connections--are classified in U.S. Industry 517919, All Other Telecommunications;
  • Publishing (except exclusively on the Internet)--are classified in Subsector 511, Publishing Industries (except Internet);
  • Publishing or broadcasting exclusively on the Internet--are classified in Industry 519130, Internet Publishing and Broadcasting and Web Search Portals;
  • Operating Web search portals--are classified in Industry 519130, Internet Publishing and Broadcasting and Web Search Portals;
  • Operating news syndicates--are classified in Industry 519110, News Syndicates; and
  • Operating libraries and archives--are classified in Industry 519120, Libraries and Archives.
711510 - Independent Artists, Writers, and Performers

This industry comprises independent (i.e., freelance) individuals primarily engaged in performing in artistic productions, in creating artistic and cultural works or productions, or in providing technical expertise necessary for these productions. This industry also includes athletes and other celebrities exclusively engaged in endorsing products and making speeches or public appearances for which they receive a fee.

Illustrative Examples:

  • Independent actors or actresses
  • Independent producers
  • Independent art restorers
  • Independent recording technicians
  • Independent artists (except musical, commercial, or medical)
  • Independent speakers
  • Independent cartoonists
  • Independent theatrical costume designers
  • Independent dancers
  • Independent theatrical lighting technicians
  • Independent journalists

Cross-References.

  • Freelance musicians and vocalists are classified in Industry 711130, Musical Groups and Artists;
  • Independent commercial artists and graphic designers are classified in Industry 541430, Graphic Design Services; and
  • Artisans and craftspersons are classified in Sector 31-33, Manufacturing.

T014 PHOTO/MAP/PRINT/PUBLICATION- TOPOGRAPHY

OBJECT CLASS CODE
24.0 - Printing and reproduction

SUGGESTED NAICS

541370 - Surveying and Mapping (except Geophysical) Services

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in performing surveying and mapping services of the surface of the earth, including the sea floor. These services may include surveying and mapping of areas above or below the surface of the earth, such as the creation of view easements or segregating rights in parcels of land by creating underground utility easements.

Illustrative Examples:

  • Cadastral surveying services
  • Mapping (except geophysical) services
  • Cartographic surveying services
  • Topographic surveying services
  • Geodetic surveying services

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Providing geophysical surveying and mapping services--are classified in Industry 541360, Geophysical Surveying and Mapping Services;
  • Publishing atlases and maps, except for exclusive Internet publishing--are classified in Industry 511130, Book Publishers; and
  • Publishing atlases and maps exclusively on the Internet--are classified in Industry 519130, Internet Publishing and Broadcasting and Web Search Portals.

T015 PHOTO/MAP/PRINT/PUBLICATION- GENERAL PHOTOGRAPHIC: MOTION

OBJECT CLASS CODE
24.0 - Printing and reproduction

SUGGESTED NAICS

541922 - Commercial Photography

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing commercial photography services, generally for advertising agencies, publishers, and other business and industrial users.

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Producing film and videotape for commercial exhibition or sale--are classified in Industry 512110, Motion Picture and Video Production;
  • Developing still photographs--are classified in Industry 81292, Photofinishing;
  • Developing motion picture film--are classified in U.S. Industry 512199, Other Motion Picture and Video Industries;
  • Taking, developing, and selling artistic, news, or other types of photographs on a freelance basis, such as photojournalists--are classified in Industry 711510, Independent Artists, Writers, and Performers; and
  • Supplying and servicing automatic photography machines in places of business operated by others--are classified in Industry 812990, All Other Personal Services.

T016 PHOTO/MAP/PRINT/PUBLICATION- AUDIO/VISUAL

OBJECT CLASS CODE
24.0 - Printing and reproduction

SUGGESTED NAICS

443142 - Electronics Stores

This U.S. industry comprises: (1) establishments known as consumer electronics stores primarily engaged in retailing a general line of new consumer-type electronic products such as televisions, computers, and cameras; (2) establishments specializing in retailing a single line of consumer-type electronic products; (3) establishments primarily engaged in retailing these new electronic products in combination with repair and support services; (4) establishments primarily engaged in retailing new prepackaged computer software; and/or (5) establishments primarily engaged in retailing prerecorded audio and video media, such as CDs, DVDs, and tapes.

Illustrative Examples:

  • Consumer-type electronic stores (e.g., televisions, computers, cameras)
  • Stereo stores (except automotive)
  • Radio and television stores
  • Computer stores
  • Camera shops, photographic

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Retailing electronic goods via electronic home shopping, mail-order, or direct sale--are classified in Subsector 454, Nonstore Retailers;
  • Retailing automotive electronic sound systems--are classified in Industry 441310, Automotive Parts and Accessories Stores;
  • Retailing new computers, computer peripherals, and prepackaged software in combination with retailing new office equipment, office furniture, and office supplies--are classified in Industry 453210, Office Supplies and Stationery Stores;
  • Providing television or other electronic equipment repair services without retailing new televisions or electronic products--are classified in Industry 81121, Electronic and Precision Equipment Repair and Maintenance;
  • Developing film and/or making photographic slides, prints, and enlargements without retailing a range of new photographic equipment and supplies--are classified in Industry 81292, Photofinishing;
  • Retailing new electronic toys, such as dedicated video game consoles and handheld electronic games--are classified in Industry 451120, Hobby, Toy, and Game Stores; and
  • Retailing used electronics--are classified in Industry 453310, Used Merchandise Stores.
512210 - Record Production

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in record production (e.g., tapes, CDs). These establishments contract with artists and arrange and finance the production of original master recordings. Establishments in this industry hold the copyright to the master recording and derive most of their revenues from the sales, leasing, and licensing of master recordings. Establishments in this industry do not have their own duplication or distribution capabilities.

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Releasing, promoting, and distributing recordings--are classified in Industry 512220, Integrated Record Production/Distribution;
  • Promoting and authorizing the use of musical works in various media--are classified in Industry 512230, Music Publishers;
  • Mass duplication services--are classified in U.S. Industry 334614, Software and Other Prerecorded Compact Disc, Tape, and Record Reproducing;
  • Merchant wholesale distribution of blank audio cassettes, tapes, and discs--are classified in Industry 423690, Other Electronic Parts and Equipment Merchant Wholesalers;
  • Merchant wholesale distribution of prerecorded audio cassettes, tapes, and discs--are classified in Industry 423990, Other Miscellaneous Durable Goods Merchant Wholesalers;
  • Managing the careers of artists--are classified in Industry 711410, Agents and Managers for Artists, Athletes, Entertainers, and Other Public Figures;
  • Providing facilities and technical expertise for recording musical performances--are classified in Industry 512240, Sound Recording Studios; and
  • Producing albums on contract as independent producers--are classified in Industry 711510, Independent Artists, Writers, and Performers.
512230 - Music Publishers

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in acquiring and registering copyrights for musical compositions in accordance with law and promoting and authorizing the use of these compositions in recordings, radio, television, motion pictures, live performances, print, or other media. Establishments in this industry represent the interests of the songwriter or other owners of musical compositions to produce revenues from the use of such works, generally through licensing agreements. These establishments may own the copyright or act as administrator of the music copyrights on behalf of copyright owners. Publishers of music books and sheet music are included in this industry.

Cross-References.

Establishments primarily engaged as independent songwriters who act as their own publishers are classified in Industry 711510, Independent Artists, Writers, and Performers.

51224,Sound Recording Studios,

See industry description for 512240 below.

"
512240 - Sound Recording Studios

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing the facilities and technical expertise for sound recording in a studio. This industry includes establishments that provide audio production and postproduction services to produce master recordings. These establishments may provide audio services for film, television, and video productions.

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Releasing, promoting, and distributing sound recordings--are classified in Industry 512220, Integrated Record Production/Distribution;
  • Providing mass duplication of recorded products--are classified in U.S. Industry 334614, Software and Other Prerecorded Compact Disc, Tape, and Record Reproducing; and
  • Contracting with musical artists, arranging for the production of master recordings, and marketing the reproduction rights--are classified in Industry 512210, Record Production.
512290 - Other Sound Recording Industries

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing sound recording services (except record production, distribution, music publishing, and sound recording in a studio). Establishments in this industry provide services, such as the audio recording of meetings and conferences.

Cross-References.Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Producing records, including contracting with musical artists, arranging and financing the production of master recordings, and marketing the reproduction rights--are classified in Industry 512210, Record Production;
  • Releasing, promoting, and distributing sound recordings--are classified in Industry 512220, Integrated Record Production/Distribution;
  • Promoting and authorizing the use of musical works in various media--are classified in Industry 512230, Music Publishers;
  • Providing facilities and expertise for recording musical performance--are classified in Industry 512240, Sound Recording Studios;
  • Providing mass duplication of recorded products--are classified in U.S. Industry 334614, Software and Other Prerecorded Compact Disc, Tape, and Record Reproducing; and
  • Organizing and promoting the presentation of performing arts productions--are classified in Industry Group 7113, Promoters of Performing Arts, Sports, and Similar Events.

T099 PHOTO/MAP/PRINT/PUBLICATION- OTHER

OBJECT CLASS CODE
24.0 - Printing and reproduction

SUGGESTED NAICS

NONE - NONE




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